Essay on Explain Buddhism: What are the Four Noble Truths?

3 pages
611 words
Carnegie Mellon University
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Buddhism is an Indian religion that encompasses different beliefs, spiritual practices, and traditions. The religion is also practiced in Asia. The religion includes Mahayana and Theravada as the two principal branches. It is the fourth largest and universal religion in the world. The religion is primarily focused on the teachings of Buddha. Buddhism is thus recognized as the approach of realizing and verifying the reality of the truths. The religion comprises of four different Noble truths.

Dukkha is the first noble truth of the religion. Dukkha is the truth about suffering. The noble truth stipulates that life is mainly a process of suffering. However, the religion believes that pain is simply temporary and conditional. They believe the suffering process has to end at some point in life.

Samudaya is the noble truth about the origin of suffering. This noble truth reveals that desire and greed are the main causes of suffering. Nirhodha is the third noble truth, and it indicates the end of the pain process. The third noble truth mainly focuses on the cure of the suffering process and the attainment of its solution. The Magga is the fourth noble truth, and it mainly aims to reveal the path that ensures individuals are freed from the suffering process. It involves the treatment of the suffering experienced by individuals. Suffering is thus mainly caused by individuals desire to own materials and the spirit of greed. The salvation is thus mainly obtained by preceding the various elements that human beings desire and eliminating the sense of greed as postulated in the reading.

Taoism, Taoists usually recognize that the alleged founder Lao Tzu was not a real person. Does having a mythic founder challenge our understanding of this tradition? Why or why not?

Mythic founders contribute a lot to the understanding of the tradition. Taoism is the traditional philosophy that explains the origin of the Chinese. Lao Tzu was an imaginary individual. According to the Taoists, Lao Tzu immensely contributed to the development of the Taoism theory and the formulation of the history. It mainly focuses on living with Tao in harmony. Taoism indicates the existence of everything in the Chinese world. The theory is a myth that mainly explains how different things exist. Mythic founders thus facilitate the understanding of a tradition since they develop the hypothesis about the tradition. It thus enables learners to understand the theoretical background of the tradition and thus facilitates research.

Confucianism, how does Confucianism push our definition of "religion"?

Confucianism involves different traditions and rituals and involves a given way of life taught by Kong Fuzi (Confucius) in China. It is compatible with different modes of religion and encompasses humanity. Politics and spiritual life are the primary factors that influence Confucianism in the China. Confucianism, therefore, pushes for the definition of religion by incorporating other forms of traditions such as the Buddhism and Taoism. Confucianism incorporates the different religious and traditional practices of the individuals within the country and thus facilitating the comprehension of the religion. It facilitates the understanding of the beliefs and values of the individuals and thus enables one to define religion based on the beliefs, traditions, and values of the people.

Define "Popular" Religion and explain how it manifests in China (briefly)?

Popular religion refers to the religion that is predominantly practiced in a densely populated region and has numerous believers in the region than any religion. Popular religion manifests in China in the form of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. The three religions are intertwined and are the most practiced in the country. The religions have the majority of the believers and have greatly shaped the culture of the citizens in China.

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