1. What is sensory processing disorder? Describe and discuss the symptoms. How does this relate to autism?
Sensory processing disorder, initialized as SPD, refers to a neurological syndrome that results in difficulty to process information from five senses: auditory, vision, touch, taste, and olfaction; and also from a sense of movement or vestibular system, and or the positional sense commonly referred to as proprioception. For individuals with sensory processing, sensory information is perceived abnormally though it is sensed. Contrasting with blindness and deafness, sensory information can be received by persons with sensory processing disorder, however, in sensory processing disorder; information is processed by the brain in an unfamiliar manner that causes discomfort, confusion, and distress.
Symptoms of Sensory Processing Disorder
Sensory processing disorder inhibits one to process the sensory stimuli from the environment correctly; such individuals may also find it difficult to interpret information from either of the senses. Sensory dysfunction differs from child to child and symptoms are categorized into Behavioral symptoms like withdrawal from touch, hypersensitive to particular fabrics, and difficulty engaging in creative play; Physical symptoms like poor balance, clumsiness, and possession of old posture; and Psychological symptoms such as anxiety, depression, aggressiveness, and social isolation.
While SPD is not regarded a suitable characteristic for autism, persons with autism are always challenged by sensory processing disorder, and therefore, these two conditions are quite related to each other.
2. Definitions of parenting styles
Authoritarian parenting: is a type of parenting style pigeonholed by high demands and little responsiveness. Authoritarian parents possess great expectations of their kids, but provide very little in the way nurturance and feedback.
Authoritative parenting: this is the type of parenting style where parents are not as controlling as in the authoritarian style. This type of parenting permits children to explore a lot in a free manner hence, making their own decisions as per their reasoning.
Neglectful parenting: also called unsolved parenting and is a style of parenting that lacks responsiveness to children needs. Parents of this type make little to no demands of their kids and they are always dismissive, indifferent, or even totally neglectful.
Indulgent parenting: also referred to as permissive, lenient, non-directive and libertarian parenting and is described as containing little behavioral expectations for the children. This is a type of parenting where parents remain involved with their kids but place few demands and less control to them.
Characteristics of the Ideal Parents and How Parenting Styles Change as A Child Develops
No parent is perfect, and all children are unique individuals requiring various parenting techniques. In general, an ideal parent must possess qualities such as the ability to love, show love, and bond. Perfect parents maintain patience and calmness. Another characteristic of the typical parent is humor. With calmness, patience, and love in place, it is perfect for a parent to see the humor in every circumstance.
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