Annotated Bibliography Assignment: Virtues Issue

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George Washington University
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Richardson, Samuel. Pamela; Or Virtue Rewarded. Richd. Evans, White, 1816.

In the book of Pamela: Or Virtue Rewarded, the story is about the virtue of a 15-year old maid who works as a maid at Lady Bs house and who has a strong virtue and refuses all the sexual advances of her bosss son, Mr. B. Pamela faces various forms trials in the process of working for Mr. B and she declines all the attempts that her new boss puts her through. Despite her request to be released to join her parents, Mr. B takes her to another Lincolnshire estate as a prisoner where Pamela gets a new boss who is the local preacher, Mr. Williams. It does not take a long time before Pamela and Mr. Williams get cozy with each other and develop a relationship with the goal of getting married. Upon realizing the plan between Pamela and Mr. Williams, Mr. Jewkes and Mr. B organizes for Mr. B to rape Pamela, a plan which becomes successful. After the ordeal, Pamela is released to join her parents, and it is at this point that a real love booms between Pamela and Mr. B and the two agree to get married.

It is prudent that the novel focuses about the rewarding of virtue that Pamela showed, the virtue of chastity, and this is apparent in the various ways in which she rejected the sexual advances of Mr. B, and the way she tries to keep away from illicit sexual escapades. In this manner, there will be an examination of various books and articles about reward of virtue and how it helps the society to live according to morally accepted principles in the society. It would create an opportunity to analyze view of different authors on the need to maintain ones virtue and benefits of the same.

Bruni, Luigino. "On virtues and awards: giacinto Dragonetti and the tradition of economia civile in Enlightenment Italy." Journal of the History of Economic Thought 35.4 (2013): 517-535.

In the book, "On virtues and awards: Giacinto Dragonetti and the tradition of economia civile in Enlightenment Italy," Luigino Bruni, the main focus is put on the importance of appreciating the good that other people do in the society and the book proposes that appreciating the good deeds helps to encourage others to carry on with the same plan in the contemporary world. The book focuses on the ideas of Giacinto Dragonetti which was also a student of Neapolitan Antonio Genovesi, the one who founded Economia Civile tradition In the book, Bruni outlines the importance of the theory which awards good deeds and virtues. In this manner, the book suggests that good citizens carry out their good deeds basing on intrinsic reasons and that they have well thought views and ideas prior to acting the way they do.

Additionally, the book also outlines the effect that good deeds has on the economic welfare of the population in that they directly lead to the path of incentives. It proves that there is a need for the population to acknowledge and appreciate the good and at the same time punish the evil deeds in the society. In summary, the paper suggests that Dragonettis thoughts are of importance both in the history of economic thought and for the contemporary economic theory hence suggesting the need to further the same ideas for the benefits of the society and development of economies. Appreciating the good deeds and the doers of the same helps in encouraging such acts in the population to ensure that there is longevity in the success that the society witnesses in the modern world.

Davison, Ian, et al. "How to assess childrens virtue literacy: methodological lessons learnt from the Knightly Virtues programme." Journal of Beliefs & Values 37.1 (2016): 16-28.

In the book, the main focus is the need to introduce lessons on virtues on the curriculums of schools, specifically character education as it is apparent that the same is of increasing importance in the process of education. Nurturing children while they are still young to equip themselves with various virtues helps them to keep such up to their old age or at least in their later lives. The book examines positive effects of a programme called Knightly Virtues whose aim is to teach moral virtues to children between the age of nine years to the eleven years. The programme is rolled out mostly in schools in the United Kingdom. Additionally, the book proves that there is a different level of virtue literacy in both the faith and the non-faith schools and posits that teaching children about the virtues in schools is the most effective process of teaching and guiding children.

Moreover, the book also proves that there are less problems regarding the practical concerns of running the trials which measures the importance of character education processes. The same helps in understanding the sources of motivation for children to live in accordance with the set moral standards. Finally, the other focus of the book are the challenges of organizing trials and that are set to gauge character education and the means available for testing the same.

Hoffman, A. J. "Community Service Work and the Virtues of Apple Trees: Planting Seeds of Hope in the Newtown Victory Garden." Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice 6.1 (2015): 1-12.

The book focused mostly on the examination of the reports of volunteers that took part in the tree planting program for the honor of victims of the shooting spree at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown in Connecticut. In the book, Hoffman outlines the sample of the reports which were from five students from the Metropolitan State University and three from Inver Hills Community College. The students took part in the exercise of planting sixty trees in the school to check their experiences during the process and gauging the impacts that the experiences had on their standards and levels of their virtues. It is apparent that engaging in the community service plays a critical role in ensuring that people acquire the necessary virtues in the society and they gain relevant skills in the process.

There were five main issues that the study sought to check from the participating students, and the first one was their perceptions on the importance of the work they did and the effect that their work had on the community members. The second issue that was examined was checking whether they had prior experiences on community service, third issue was how well they interacted with the members of Newton Connecticut community. The fourth issue that was examined was the changes that were made in the course of the process of carrying out the project, and finally was the evidence that their actions were having a positive effect on the members of Newton Connecticut community.

Bischak, Diane P., and Jaana Woiceshyn. "Leadership virtues exposed: Ethical leadership lessons from leading in rock climbing." Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies 23.3 (2016): 248-259.

The book focuses on the impact of ethical leadership in the society and suggests that the results of the same affects many other people in the society. Ethical leadership therefore leads to the positive outcome in organizations, and this results from the antecedents and the styles of leadership that managers have. Additionally, personality traits of the leaders also play a critical role. The book posits that ethical leadership has attracted minimal attention although it is that which guides the juniors in an organization to conform to the ethical standards required by an organization. Moreover, the authors focus their attention on the ingredients of ethical leadership among them being pride, rationality, honesty, integrity, independence, and justice as these are thought to be having the greatest impact on the organizational well-being and they are the causes of ethical leadership in the modern-day organizations.

The book specifies that pride, rationality and independence are not universally known to be virtues but they are major boosts towards ethical leadership, and they help leaders to nurture good working relationships between leaders and their followers where the former influence the latter to acquire virtues in the society. The summary of the thoughts of the analysis is put on a testable proposition to create a clear picture of the ingredients of virtues.

Ronan, Bernie, and Derek WM Barker. "Civic virtues for work and action." Peer Review 17.3 (2015): 8.

Ronan and colleagues take part in the examination of civic virtues for work and action and highlights the benefits of the same in the society, and how they help in the achievement of organizational goals. The importance of civic virtues relates from the fact that the same is cultivated through of personal habits that boost the successes of the community and help in the delivery of organizational goals. There is a strong correlation between civic virtues and labor, work and action and the use of Arendts legacy helps in the fulfillment of community goals and depoliticization of the totalitarian movements that were widespread in communities. The book also suggests that work and higher education are some of the main causes of the decline of politics and they are those that lead to the increase of virtues in the societies. In this manner, the book posits that there is a need for the population to uphold higher levels of virtuous living conditions and working to create and environment for a long-term success.

Finally, the authors posit that there is also a strong correlation between soft skills and virtuous living in that it is the soft skills that set up ground for proper success regarding living in conformity to the virtues in the society. There is a need for everyone in the society to uphold a virtuous lifestyle because they are rewarded and leads to a long-term success in the modern society. The views of different authors therefore confirm that virtues and rewarded, and there is a need for everyone in the society to live in conformity to the set values and standards set out in the society.



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