Life is sacred and bringing forth one to the world is an experience that most women look forward at some point in their lives (Sadeghi et al., 2010). It is at this moment that they will prepare their minds, bodies, finances, and psychological wellbeing, as they get ready to take part in creating life. To some individuals, the process is simple and it only takes one sexual act to initiate the creation of life in their wombs (Tabor & Alfirevic, 2010). However, for some, it may take some time and require the intervention of medical experts to create a conducive environment where they will bring forth life. People have different perceptions towards the intervention programs used in medical facilities with some arguing that it disrupts the natural way of beginning life (Poon et al., 2010). The arguments take the religious, cultural, biological, and personal ideas. Scientific intervention to assist women who are unable to bring life in the natural way is unavoidable in the society as they contribute to the commencement of existence of human beings.
The topic on when human life beings is wide with people presenting their ideologies justifying when it starts. Marret et al. (2010) argue that life begins at conception where the sperm fertilizes the egg. This means that the combination of the two in a healthy environment begins the existence of a human begin. When the woman nurtures the pregnancy to term, then there is a high possibility of birthing a healthy child. It is therefore important to understand that termination of a fertilized egg is morally wrong since it amounts to killing a fellow human being. However, Tabor & Alfirevic (2010) argue that the beginning of life is when a child comes into the world. This is because during pregnancy, the child cannot communicate or take a breath of the air that other humans do (Mostaghel et al., 2010). Further, it is still an egg growing and the mother has the choice to terminate it as they please. More justifications to end the development of the embryo are when through medical interventions a pregnant woman realizes that their unborn child has a form of deformity (Poon et al., 2010). It is the wish and prayer of each individual that they will give forth to a healthy baby that will grow independent after sometime. Nevertheless, there are those that find out they will get a child with special needs and decide to terminate the life of the human being growing inside them. They view that as a curse, disappointment, delay to their progress, and financial strain as such children need constant attention (Marret et al., 2010). Others would continue with the pregnancy and give birth to the special child as they consider it a blessing. Despite the disappointment they get, as they did not expect such a child, they choose to bring up the child knowing that some conditions are a life commitment.
It might be hard or simple to conceive depending on the health condition of an individual (Ilani et al., 2012). Those that conceive easily may find it hard to understand those that face challenges when trying to get pregnant. They may not understand the struggle and emotional turmoil they go through as they look for options to get at least one child. As such, they may criticize the option of getting children through test tubes mixing of an egg and sperm is done externally (Jasanoff, 2011). The laboratory has the necessary equipment and facilities that allow the medical personnel to implant on the womans uterus. These women have a chance of carrying a pregnancy like the rest. However, the development of scientific knowledge in assisting the birth of children contradicts the issue on when life begins. Banchoff (2011) argues that life is too complex and delicate to begin in a test tube without the natural environment found in the fallopian tubes. However, as long as both sets of women bring life to the world and have the satisfaction they expected, then the issue of when life begins should not be an issue that troubles the society (Mook-Kanamori et al., 2012).
Religious beliefs on the beginning of life are that it begins when a male sperm meets a female egg (Sadeghi et al., 2010). As such, interference of the natural arrangement of how life should be is morally wrong. It is therefore important to have a male and female union so that they can initiate the life of another person (Gilliam et al., 2010). Some religious groups also argue that it is wrong to prevent pregnancy from taking place and therefore, people should not use contraception. This is because they interfere with the setup in a human body. This means that it may contribute to secondary barrenness or increase the risk of getting children with special needs due to the chemicals used in manufacturing the drugs (Banchoff, 2011).
In conclusion, it would be prudent to argue that in a perfect world, there would be no need to take emergency contraception as conception would take place in the environment of a culturally accepted union. There would be no need to have arguments about when life begins. DDD argues that surrogacy is a solution that helps reduce the emotional turmoil women go through when they fail to conceive naturally. The intervention of scientific methods to initiate the birth of children is an avoidable as it helps equalize all human beings in initiating the process of giving life.
Banchoff, T. (2011). Embryo politics: Ethics and policy in Atlantic democracies. Cornell University Press.Gilliam, M. L., Neustadt, A., Kozloski, M., Mistretta, S., Tilmon, S., & Godfrey, E. (2010). Adherence and acceptability of the contraceptive ring compared with the pill among students: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 115(3), 503-510.
Ilani, N., Roth, M. Y., Amory, J. K., Swerdloff, R. S., Dart, C., Page, S. T., ... & Wang, C. (2012). A new combination of testosterone and nestorone transdermal gels for male hormonal contraception. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 97(10), 3476-3486.
Jasanoff, S. (2011). Designs on nature: Science and democracy in Europe and the United States. Princeton University Press.Marret, H., Fauconnier, A., Chabbert-Buffet, N., Cravello, L., Golfier, F., Gondry, J., ... & De Raucourt, E. (2010). Clinical practice guidelines on menorrhagia: management of abnormal uterine bleeding before menopause. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 152(2), 133-137.
Mook-Kanamori, D. O., Steegers, E. A., Eilers, P. H., Raat, H., Hofman, A., & Jaddoe, V. W. (2010). Risk factors and outcomes associated with first-trimester fetal growth restriction. Jama, 303(6), 527-534.
Mostaghel, E. A., Lin, D. W., Amory, J. K., Wright, J. L., Marck, B. T., Nelson, P. S., ... & Page, S. T. (2012). Impact of male hormonal contraception on prostate androgens and androgen action in healthy men: a randomized, controlled trial. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 97(8), 2809-2817.
Poon, L. C. Y., Kametas, N. A., Chelemen, T., Leal, A., & Nicolaides, K. H. (2010). Maternal risk factors for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: a multivariate approach. Journal of human hypertension, 24(2), 104.
Sadeghi, H., Rutherford, T., Rackow, B. W., Campbell, K. H., Duzyj, C. M., Guess, M. K., ... & Norwitz, E. R. (2010). Cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy: case series and review of the literature. American journal of perinatology, 27(02), 111-120.
Tabor, A., & Alfirevic, Z. (2010). Update on procedure-related risks for prenatal diagnosis techniques. Fetal diagnosis and therapy, 27(1), 1-7.
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