Dysphasia - Paper Example

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Sewanee University of the South
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Causes of Delirium

Some different factors cause delirium, in most cases, it is caused by two or more factors CITATION Cun13 \l 1033 (Cunningham, 2013) .Causal agents include constipation, infection and dehydration, environmental changes, acute metabolic disorder, distress, drug withdrawal and hypoxia.

Presentation of delirium

Delirium may be presented in one of the following ways;

Hypoactive; this refers to self-consciousness of behavioral activity. Hypoactive is a characteristic effect of relaxing agents as well as several central acting general anesthetic. Other medications such as meta-Chlorophenylpiperazine (MCPP) and antipsychotics also produce this effect, but as a side effect. The diagnosis is usually missed

Hyperactive; this is often exhibited when a patient is being over excited with a lot of agitation and demonstrating the incongruous behavior. Under this presentation, the patient is usually loud, hyper vigilant, resistive and frequently problematical.

Etiology ; the etiology of delirium is multifactorial, it is characterized by with conditions such as old age, and co-incident therapeutic illnesses, as well as pre-existing mental impairment, may precipitate or intensify the signs and symptoms of delirium. Under this presentation, approximately any disorder can give rise to delirium in the prone person. For instance, illnesses related to:

Cardiological disorders they usually cause abnormal thinking and insights the diseases include; heart failure and myocardial infarction.

Respiratory disorders like hypoxic conditions or pulmonary embolus.

Neurological conditions like the diseases of the blood vessels that transport blood to the brain (stroke)


Delirium needs an all-inclusive person with a centered methodology, prevention and treatment may overlay and may not be distinctive CITATION Cun13 \l 1033 (Cunningham, 2013).Prerequisites such as discomfort, malnutrition, thirstiness, and sensual aids have to be identified and addressed; the treatment staff should also adopt a supportive methodology, integrating operational reorientation and communication.

Presentation of neurodegenerative disorders,

Neurodegenerative disorders may be presented through;

Parkinson's- from a research of several studies it is evident that shown that physical exercising may perhaps help in the prevention of this disease. Implementation of any body exercise can help either through participating in sporting activities or even walking. Physical psychotherapy can also be an effective way to relieve body balance and resistance CITATION Wak13 \l 1033 (Wakabayashi, 2013).


Cunningham, C., & MacLullich, A. M. (2013). At the end of the psycho-neuroimmunological spectrum: delirium as a maladaptive sickness behavior response. Brain, behavior, and immunity, 28, 1-13.

Wakabayashi, K., Tanji, K., Odagiri, S., Miki, Y., Mori, F., & Takahashi, H. (2013). The Lewy body in Parkinson's disease and related neurodegenerative disorders. Molecular Neurobiology, 47(2), 495-508

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