The feelings and attitude a person has about his or her body are fundamental components of sense of personality and well-being as a whole, understanding of the psychological condition originate from inside on internal organs (Preston et al 2017). Nevertheless, the relationship between body image and interoception has been poorly understood till to date (Badoud et al 2107). Therefore, a review of neuroimaging and behavioral is done from clinical and non-clinical populations to come up with basic interoceptive processes and awareness of what contributes to the compound formation disturbances and body image (Emanuelsen et al 2015). To be specific, lower interoceptive awareness and accuracy are mainly associated with the body image concerns, and the link between them can inform new observable and testable underlying neurocognitive process responsible for body image disturbance and concerns.
The research will be performed investigating Restrictive Anorexia in a person body, and it will mainly focus on two basic aspects, one being the autonomic policies in social behavior and interoception such as stimuli which come from inside (Haase et al 2016). It will also deal with anorexia patients who bodily signals seem to be impaired and their ability perceived. Therefore, the group of anorexia patients will be compared with a group of healthy controls both in a resting state and during the performance of a social task (Tang et al 2017). To complete this research of the relationship between interoception and body image on a non-clinical setup, it can be important to use an analysis of variation for it helps to analyze different causes in groups (Brown et al 2017).
Materials to be used are 24 women who are right-handed and diagnosed with anorexia to be the specific restrictive subtype (Zamariola et al 2017). Their age should be from twenty- three years, body mass index of sixteen and illness not less than six years with a restrictive subtype that is characterized by the absence of anorexia for the last three months and had followed a controlled diet ten days before the experiment (Oswald et al 2017). The other group should have 25 participants with age starting from twenty-two, body mass index of twenty-one kilograms squared, the normal body mass index is to be matched with anorexia patients age excluding past such as psychosis, medical illness, and cognitive disorders (Krumm et al 2017). The participants will be needed to fill several questionnaires such as eating disorder inventory, anamnestic and eating disorder investigation questionnaires, which will help to assess both eating disorders risks and the symptoms related to these disorders (Lackner et al 2016). The body uneasiness text and the body shape questionnaires will also be filled and be used to measure the concerns about body shapes, additionally to assess their psychological status and their possible dissociative symptoms they are required to fill in the dissociative experience scale (Garfinkel et al 2016).
The expected results should be that people suffering from anorexia might probably display significant lower disposition and a flattened autonomic reactivity while performing social tasks but have other socially desirable factors. The flexible model of personification should account for the interoreceptive and exteroreceptive cues (Garfinkel et al 2015). Besides, it will be difficult to judge the behavioral of social distance. Both groups will have a related social disposition, but the trends will be opposite. Therefore, a conclusion can be made suggesting that the relationship between autonomic and interoception could be playing a critical role in anorexia disturbances.
Badoud, D., & Tsakiris, M. (2017). From the bodys viscera to the bodys image: is there a link between interoception and body image concerns? Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews.
Brown, T. A., Berner, L. A., Jones, M. D., Reilly, E. E., Cusack, A., Anderson, L. K., ... & Wierenga, C. E. (2017). Psychometric Evaluation and Norms for the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) in a Clinical Eating Disorders Sample. European Eating Disorders Review, 25(5), 411-416.
Emanuelsen, L., Drew, R., & Koteles, F. (2015). Interoceptive sensitivity, body image dissatisfaction, and body awareness in healthy individuals. Scandinavian journal of psychology, 56(2), 167-174.
Garfinkel, S. N., Tiley, C., O'Keeffe, S., Harrison, N. A., Seth, A. K., & Critchley, H. D. (2016). Discrepancies between dimensions of interoception in autism: implications for emotion and anxiety. Biological psychology, 114, 117-126.
Garfinkel, S. N., Seth, A. K., Barrett, A. B., Suzuki, K., & Critchley, H. D. (2015). Knowing your own heart: distinguishing interoceptive accuracy from interoceptive awareness. Biological psychology, 104, 65-74.
Haase, L., Stewart, J. L., Youssef, B., May, A. C., Isakovic, S., Simmons, A. N., & Paulus, M. P. (2016). When the brain does not adequately feel the body: Links between low resilience and interoception. Biological psychology, 113, 37-45.
Krumm, A., Ferraro, F. R., & Ingvalson, B. (2017). Exploring the Relationship Between Autistic Traits and Body Image, Body Satisfaction, and Body Competence. The Journal of Psychology, 1-14.
Lackner, R. J., & Fresco, D. M. (2016). Interaction effect of brooding rumination and interoceptive awareness on depression and anxiety symptoms. Behaviour research and therapy, 85, 43-52.
Oswald, A., Chapman, J., & Wilson, C. (2017). Do interoceptive awareness and interoceptive responsiveness mediate the relationship between body appreciation and intuitive eating in young women?. Appetite, 109, 66-72.
Preston, C., & Ehrsson, H. H. (2014). Illusory changes in body size modulate body satisfaction in a way that is related to non-clinical eating disorder psychopathology. PLoS One, 9(1), e85773.
Tang, Y. Y., Holzel, B. K., & Posner, M. I. (2015). The neuroscience of mindfulness meditation. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 16(4), 213.
Zamariola, G., Cardini, F., Mian, E., Serino, A., & Tsakiris, M. (2017). Can you feel the body that you see? On the relationship between interoceptive accuracy and body image. Body Image, 20, 130-136.
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