Annotated Bibliography on Community Safety - Paper Example

2021-07-08 23:29:42
3 pages
766 words
Categories: 
University/College: 
Wesleyan University
Type of paper: 
Literature review
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Clancey, G. (2015). A local case study of the crime decline. Safer Communities, 14(2), 104-114.

In this non-fictional article, Dr. Garner Clancey bases his study on evaluating the decline of crime and the reasons that led to it. His primary interest is understanding crime decline through a local dimension, and that motivates him to pick Glebe as his region of study. Clancey uses his experiential knowledge in conducting the study and chooses two main focus groups. He collects information through interviewing the local practitioners to understand the reasons for the decline in crime in the local region. The study is crucial in understanding policing strategies in that it provides information on the factors that led to the decline of crime in the region with local programs and services being cited as the major contributors.

Farrell, G., Tilley, N., Tseloni, A., & Mailley, J. (2010). Explaining and sustaining the crime drop: Clarifying the role of opportunity-related theories. Crime Prevention & Community Safety, 12(1), 24-41.

In this article, Farrell, Tilley, Tseloni, and Mailley attempt to explain the role of existing hypothesis in the explanation of crime reduction. The authors focus on three hypotheses to help provide an explanation for recent reductions in crime, and they include partially tested hypotheses, partially developed hypotheses, and additional hypotheses. They then review each hypothesis, identify its explanation of crime, and its shortcomings. The article is ideal in the provision of information regarding the role of policing strategies since it identifies some of the advantages and disadvantages of some of these strategies. The article uses other previous scholarly works as references, and this proves its reliability and credibility.

Jang, H., Lee, C. B., & Hoover, L. T. (2012). Dallas disruption unit: Efficacy of hot spots deployment. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 35(3), 593-614.

The non-fictional article focuses on the examination of how various policing activities in hotspots have an effect on different types of crimes if the rotational method was applied. The authors based their study on the previous research that only concentrated on small areas. The authors used data from Dallas Police Department to identify the impact of police activities on crime. They found out that the hot spots policing was effective as crime levels reduced since its inception. The article is important for the provision of information on the topic of policing strategies as it supports the effectiveness of hot spots deployment, a form of policing.

Mazerolle, L. (2014). The power of policing partnerships: sustaining the gains. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 10(3), 341-365.

In the article, Mazerolle investigates the role of TPP (Third Party Policing) on crime reduction. Her focus is the effectiveness of the partnership between the police and other third parties in ensuring crime is controlled over a given period. She also focuses on how this policing can influence social change among youths that hail from high-risk communities and school districts with poor performances. Mazerolle uses the ABILITY Trail method whereby 102 young truants are selected randomly to a control condition. The condition then activates the major features of the TPP. The article is ideal in the understanding of policing strategies as it identifies one primary strategy and attempts to explain its role in crime prevention and reduction.

Willis, J. J. (2011). Enhancing police legitimacy by integrating Compstat and community policing. Policing: an international journal of police strategies & management, 34(4), 654-673.

Willis examines the role of Compstat and community policing in the enhancement of police organizational legitimacy. The article gives a conceptual framework of these two important police reforms. Willis attempts to explain ways in which each reform can be integrated to help achieve crime reduction. For instance, he proposes that Compstat is highly linked with community policing and is essential in fostering increased interaction between the police and community members in the reduction of crime. He then suggests various ways in which the police can develop the support and trust of the public. The article is beneficial regarding the understanding of the role of police-public partnership in crime reduction.

References

Clancey, G. (2015). A local case study of the crime decline. Safer Communities, 14(2), 104-114.

Farrell, G., Tilley, N., Tseloni, A., & Mailley, J. (2010). Explaining and sustaining the crime drop: Clarifying the role of opportunity-related theories. Crime Prevention & Community Safety, 12(1), 24-41.

Jang, H., Lee, C. B., & Hoover, L. T. (2012). Dallas disruption unit: Efficacy of hot spots deployment. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 35(3), 593-614.

Mazerolle, L. (2014). The power of policing partnerships: sustaining the gains. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 10(3), 341-365.

Willis, J. J. (2011). Enhancing police legitimacy by integrating Compstat and community policing. Policing: an international journal of police strategies & management, 34(4), 654-673.

 

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