Nature v. Nurture Debate on Sex and Gender - Paper Example

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Sewanee University of the South
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The topic of sex and gender has raised so many controversies due to the idea that many philosophers and theorists have decided to come up with arguments that have stemmed up some various attempts to determine the cause of gender, the social realms, and the scientific biological realms. For instance, the idea of legalizing same-sex marriage has led to a considerable confusion of gender roles and the aspect of sex and gender. In most cases, scholars find it difficult to discuss the concept of sex and gender due to the increased controversy surrounding the matter. At this moment gender in most of the societies in the world is an ambiguous topic basing on arguments concerning neuroscience studies, social learning theories and evolutionary psychology (Kim, M. (2008).

It was previously and widely known that gender roles should involve heterosexual relationships by now there is a significant confusion due to homosexuality which is now focusing more on sexual preferences rather than biological gender roles. The idea that gender is more concerned with biological aspects is now fading away due to the egocentrism that manifests in people.

Homosexuality and gender offer a challenge in the debate of sex and gender specifically in the debate between nature and nurture. Since homosexuality is sometimes connected to either social learning, biological or both, the discussion face lots of difficulties in coming up with the right information. Also, there are some cultural wars concerning the concept of homosexuality, the cause of homosexuality and the ideas of nurturing homosexuals into the topic of homosexuality.

Nature/nurture debate has failed to provide relevant information on the reason of homosexuality and gender roles that is facing arguments on the connection to the genetic basis or sexual orientation. No research has found the gay gene, and it is assumed that only one gene determines the sexual orientation (Kim, 2008). The concept of sexuality has become a complex topic in both political aspect and biological knowledge. Many scholars say that our genes do not offer a definition of who we are and that even though certain genes may be present, they might not be openly expressed. Indeed, the debate on how nature and nurture on the sex and gender have failed to provide a clear definition of gender and keeps on colluding with ideas. The idea sexuality and gender are still in a dilemma of biological or socially determined.

Patriarchal bargain

According to Kims (2008) article, the patriarchal bargain is the process by which women accept the gender roles that disadvantage them, but which maximize their power and options. Following the set norms, standards, wearing guidelines, social rules about sexual behavior and many other aspects safeguards the class, ethnicity, and caste of women. It is through the above ways that women maintain a sense of worth and protecting their position in the society (Bradshaw & Ellison, 2009). Norms and social rules on sexual behavior protect women from being misused by people in the organization hence safeguarding the overall mannerism that is well accepted in our communities.

The idea of patriarchal bargain differs from men enactment since most men would want a woman who exposes her skin, who has loose standards, upside down priorities and who give in to any societal decay so that they be used for selfish sexual gains. It is so unfortunate that quite some people would want the idea of women sexual behavior to be right while at the same time the same men wanting their wives to be morally upright are the blackmailing the young women to lose focus. Men want women to accept their gender roles and to follow them strictly to make sure that women conform to their rule while at the same time women uphold patriarchal bargain to empower themselves in the society.


Bradshaw, M., & Ellison, C. G. (2009). The naturenurture debate is over, and both sides lost! Implications for understanding gender differences in religiosity. Journal for the scientific study of religion, 48(2), 241-251.

Kim, M. (2008). Gendering marriage migration and fragmented citizenship formation:Korean wives, daughters-in-law, and mothers from the Philippines. State University of New York at Albany, ISBN.

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