Essay Example: Teaching and Learning in Developmentally Appropriate Programs

2021-07-13 10:27:54
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Wesleyan University
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Essay
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Consider the Cycle of Learning and provide a specific example of a child progressing through the cycle. Name the phases, provide specific examples of how each phase looks and how the child can re-enter the cycle

Nicole learns how to go to the Bathroom

Awareness

Nicole has witnessed her best friend Anita going to the bathroom by herself. Although, Nicole wears diapers her interest in following Anita and find out about this new skill is noticeable. Nicole observes Anita opening a door that has a big sticker of a little girl.

Awareness integrates sensory engagement, environmental cues, invitations, modeling and demonstration

Notice, perceive, and respond.

Exploration

Nicole follows Anita who closes the door. Nicole waits for her best friend and asks what she is doing. Anita states she went to the potty to do number one.

Exploration; Sensory, engagement environmental cues, invitations, behavior and paraphrase reflections, silence

Observe, touch, smell, taste, hear, examine, talk about ask questions

Acquisition

Nicoles interest in this new information motivates her to ask her best friend What is the potty?

The teacher hears the conversation between the two girls, and she explains the purpose of the potty, the teacher takes Nicole to the door with the big picture of a little girl, and this is the opportunity for a conversation about everything regarding the potty. Nicole wants to try to go inside and do it herself. The teacher encourages such an attempt and guides the child for what it would be the first time for Nicole going to the girls bathroom.

Acquisitions; act, adopt new skills, apply new knowledge, extend understanding questions, and ignore or correct inaccurate responses in conjunction with your task analyst.

Practice

During the day, Nicole asks the teacher repeatedly to go to the potty. Over the course of a few days, the teacher talks to Nicoles parents to encourage the child not to use diapers since the child have been trying this at school.

Practice; Rehearse, repeat, adapt, revise, elaborate, gain mastery.

Effective praise, challenges, questions

Generalization

Nicole relates what she knows about going to the potty with being independent and tries new things. (e.g., try to play and go to the bathroom at home and in many places)

Nicole realizes that she can tell her mother and father when she needs to go number one. Eventually, she will learn to go number two as well. Hence, the diaper will become the past in Nicoles life, and soon underwear with different shapes and colors will be part of life. Her new awareness and explorations signal her reentry into the cycle of learning having a new knowledge and skill.

Generalization; Transfer learning from one situation to another gain new awareness that prompts reentry into the learning cycle

Identify the three areas of teaching effectiveness and thoroughly describe each one

Knowledge of child development and learning

In this teaching area, the learning and development follow sequences at varying rates. This development is the result from many interactions that provide experience. The repetitive early experience will develop toward greater abilities like self-regulation. Children mature and develop best when they feel in secure and safe relationships, these profound outcomes are influenced by the repetition of constructive routines. This will develop self-regulation and promote language and social competence. Children development varies because they are active learners and the best learning experience is through playing.

Example; Effective Praise

Encourages childrens positive behaviors and inspire persistence when taking any assignment. Mindfulness and awareness are important when praising a child since some praise can lower the childs self-confidence. The key to optimistic and effective praise is when the childrens actions and behavior are recognized as unique and genuine.

Knowledge of Appropriate content

This content refers to the standards originated by the state, local and national level. These demonstrate consistent and inconsistent sequencing of the students learning outcomes of their education experience. Frequently, this include collaboration with specialized professionals to obtain the best choice of strategies, resources and accommodations that best fits a childs needs or a group of learners.

Example; Subject Matter

To improve the skills and knowledge in a classroom, teachers need to offer accurate information and great knowledge in subject areas like: Language and literacy; the arts; Mathematics; Physical health and development; Science and Social studies. Educators need to have broad background knowledge to teach general education.

Knowledge of effective teaching strategies

Instructors need to have lesson objectives and teach students concrete and meaningful that can vary accordingly. Teaching strategies support childrens interest and explanation. It repeatedly shows childrens sensory involvement like performing task analysis, chaining and successive approximation, scaffolding and repetition (p.71) (Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum: Best Practices in Early Childhood Education 6th Edition | 9780133351774 | VitalSource n.d.)

Teaching strategies recognizes the power of external support that can gradually can be removed for self-control and responsibility. Active engagement distinguishes students uniqueness of being individual learners.

Example; Scaffolding

This is the process that refers to different techniques that help students with temporary support that will enrich the comprehension and abilities that will be slowly removed when the target student no longer needed.

Example; include a student reading in a lower level. The main goal in scaffolding is to minimize the stress and negative behavior when the student is exposed to a difficult task.

Bibliography

Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum: Best Practices in Early Childhood Education 6th Edition | 9780133351774 | Vital Source N.d. https://www.vitalsource.com/products/developmentally-appropriate-curriculum-best-marjorie-j-kostelnik-v9780133521672?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=shopping1&gclid=CjwKCAjw3f3NBRBPEiwAiiHxGJEiUFQJkX4SlBpLvK72De3Vncs8VkpcOpZO8pd4adUAQwqYdvf-OhoCPQcQAvD_BwE, accessed September 19, 2017.

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