Essay on Platos The Republic

4 pages
1071 words
Sewanee University of the South
Type of paper: 
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Across the work, the problem of justice is examined from various views and different characters all rotating around Socrates the main figure as it is associated both with the man and the state. As the dialog shifts from the just state to the unjust man, Plato, goes into the domain of epistemology and metaphysics and this is the point where Plato examines his concept of the good as the cause of knowledge (Osegenwune 124). Additionally, the Republic's symbolic differentiation between objective reality and empirical observation is the instinct of the great uncovered scientifically. This unadulterated knowledge frees the genuine philosopher from the misconception of knowledge obtained from the visual observation.

Despite the fact that the entire of The Republic is an examination of what justice is, the connection between it and justice is obtained from getting from the goodness of sophrosyne. This quality of control and balance is what Plato regards critical to the just man. He insists that justice not only involves the external behavior but the manner in which a man manages his identity. In Plato's piece, The Republic, there is a methodical questioning of being, as The Republic itself is an endeavor to answer an issue in human conduct: justice. To manage the issue of justice, Plato considers the perfect polis, a common unit of self-government, and the connection between the structure of the Republic and the achievement of justice. Plato contends that philosopher lords ought to be the rulers, as all philosophers intend to uncover the perfect polis. The beautiful city is a fair city where political reign relies upon knowledge, that belongs to the philosophers and not power. Albeit hypothetically it would be perfect if knowledge administered the Republic and the modern state, and not power, power is significant in the constitution political activity, and this is found to be one of the shortcomings of Platos contention (Osegenwune 46). Plato is promoting an undemocratic legislative framework drove by a benevolent tyrant. In the meantime, it is unavoidable to select a few aspects of the contemporary state compatible to those of the perfect polis.

Plato insists on a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of morals. In other words, human well-being (eudaimonia) is the peak aim of moral ideas and behavior, and the virtues are the imperative aptitudes and dispositions required to achieve it. If Plato's inception of joy is subtle and his sustenance for a profound morality of happiness appears to be fairly repressed, there are some reasons. To begin with, his inception of satisfaction contrasts in significant ways from usual perspectives. In his initial works, his approach is negative: Socratic questioning appears to be intended to undermine the common values as opposed to enhance his positive account by himself.

Second, the actual description included in his work, the Republic, regard happiness as a condition of perfection that is difficult to understand as it depends on theoretical presuppositions that appear to be both hazy and out of the domain of ordinary comprehension (Osegenwune 86). In different debates, he limits himself to implications of various parts of what is great in and for the soul, suggestions that are difficult to fit together in a cognizant picture. There isn't, as there is in Aristotle, much discussion about happiness as an independent condition of the dynamic person. Third, in critical writings Plato's ethical standards seem both grim and self-denying: the soul is to stay unapproachable from the delights of the body; shared life requests the subordination of individual wishes and aims.

The description of democracy is crucial in the comprehension of Plato's contention for the lead by philosophers. Today, a significant number of nations are democratic in that their views are important in running the country. Since Plato's era, there has been a civil argument concerning what democracy is: if it is the concept of majority rule or 'Madisonian perspective seen as the democracy of minority protection (Osegenwune 56). As such, generating political decisions calls for both skill and judgment, and therefore Plato argues that they should be left to the specialists. To additionally stress this, Plato utilizes the 'craft analogy,' drawing on the analogy of the ship.

The way aggravates the challenges of evaluating Plato's moral idea that it was liable to different changes amid his long life. In Plato's original works, the supposed Socratic discoursed; there are no signs that the search for virtue and the human good goes past the human domain. These progressions with a developing enthusiasm for a comprehensive metaphysical establishment of information in Plato's intermediate dialogues center exchanges, an improvement that prompts the placing of the 'Forms,' as the genuine makeup of all things culminating in the Form of the Good as the excellent concept of all goodness. Additionally, moral values assume a suitable political order that can be sustained only by leaders who have a thorough philosophical preparation. Despite the fact that the hypothesis of the Forms is not limited to human values, but incorporates the entire nature, Plato appears to accept no more than an similarity between cosmic harmony and human affairs. The late discourses by contrast, show a growing inclination to view solidarity between the microcosmic orders of the whole universe.

The division of tasks that prompts the detachment of three classes in the quest for justice winds up the discussion of social order. This pattern clarifies the odd character of Socrates' further procedure. The classification of what later tradition has been labeled the four cardinal Platonic virtues which are moderation, justice, courage, and wisdom. Devotion, as the text shows, is no more related to an attribute, for religious practices ought to be left to tradition and the authority of Apollo at Delphi. The meaning of justice is to be uncovered through the elimination process. In case there are four virtues in the city, then only justice ought to be left untouched after determining the other three attributes.


According to the paper, there is no evidence given only four virtues exist in a state neither is it something that can be lifted up, independently, for investigation. Rather, Socrates identifies the responsibility of the play in keeping social order. For the case of wisdom, Sophia, the only learned virtue as well as the unique possession of leaders not much is said that is a good council, euboulia in choices concerning both the external and internal matters of the city.

Works Cited

Osegenwune, Chris Tasie. "Legacy of the Ancients: Plato on the Self." Balkan Journal of Philosophy 8.2 (2016): 107-114.

Have the same topic and dont`t know what to write?
We can write a custom paper on any topic you need.

Request Removal

If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the website, please click below to request its removal: