Annotated Bibliography on Criminological Psychology - Paper Example

4 pages
914 words
Carnegie Mellon University
Type of paper: 
Annotated bibliography
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False confession (2012) from awareness to reform retrieved from

The survey explains the happenings of Earl Washington junior confessed to raping and murdering a 19-year-old Rebecca Lynn Williams in 1982 and stabbing her 38 times. The crime took place in Culpeper Virginia apartments. The attention was turned to Washington one year later, and yet he was in prison for another crime. The article states that he was interrogated for two days of which he confessed to committing the crime. The IQ of the man was 69, and he was coerced by the police into accepting that he had committed the crime. The survey further explains that he was found innocent when the DNA test showed that he was not the one but after being imprisoned for 17 years.

Sage journals (2012) false confession retrieved from

The article explains how the police coerced John Purvis to a false confession concerning a woman who was found murdered in Fort Lauderdale in 1983. The woman by the name Susan Hamwi was found dead after being stabbed by butcher knife and her18-month-old baby Shane was also dead because of dehydration she experienced since no one attended to her. The survey further explains that the police forced to record a tape of confession in the absence of her mother, and it was used against him. He ended up being imprisoned. But later established that it was two hit men send by ex-husband to kill her

Appleby, S. C., Hasel, L. E., & Kassin, S. M. (2013). Police-induced confessions: An empirical analysis of their content and impact. Psychology, Crime & Law, 19, 111-128. Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R.

The article nuances a clear picture on people who make false confessions because of too much pressure that they go through in the hands of the police officers in most cases the police force them to make false allegations an record them so that they are used as evidence against the victims. The article further explains that such individuals become vulnerable when because they are dictated on what to do

Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497-529. Blagrove, M. (1996). Effects of length of sleep deprivation on interrogative suggestibility.

The survey critiques the confessions made by victims when they are confused due to the indications brought and forced on them. For instance fingerprints. DNA tests, surveillance footages among other evidence. The police force evidence against the suspects and make them believe that one can commit a crime without knowing. The article further argues that sometimes victims are subjected to sleep deprivation before the interrogation and when they are being interrogated they are les attentive and cooperate with the policemen incriminating themselves.

Gudjonsson, G. H., & Henry, L. (2003). Child and adult witnesses with intellectual disability: The importance of suggestibility. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 8(2), 241-252.

The survey explains that those who end up making false confession could be suffering from mental retardation with a slightly lower IQ. Because of confusion and failure to distinguish between reality and fiction, they end confessing to a crime they never committed. In some instance, police force those to recorder voice tapes so that records are used as evidence in the court of law. It further explains that police take advantage of such people children inclusive.

Sperry, K., & Leo, R. A. (2010). Jurors believe interrogation tactics are not likely to elicit false confessions: Will expert witness testimony inform them otherwise.

The editorial explains that people suffer false confession due to ignorance where they are convinced to accept, and nothing will happen to terms of trial or court issues they end up recording statement that in the end and land them in jail. The survey argues that not all people are coerced but others fall victims because they lack knowledge on the law and their rights.

Sperry, K., & Leo, R. A. (2010). Jurors believe interrogation tactics are not likely to elicit false confessions: Will expert witness testimony inform them otherwise.

The editorial explains that there are people who make false confessions for fear of violence. In a circumstance where the only option is to accept the case to be free from pain or violence, some people prefer to admit that they committed the crime so that they cannot face violence but in the long run they face charges. The article argues that instead of being beaten up some people accept to make false confessions so that they can be vindicated.

Ofshe, R. J. (1992). Inadvertent hypnosis during interrogation: False confession due to dissociative state; mis-identified multiple personality and the satanic cult hypothesis. International Journal of Clinical and experimental hypnosis, 40(3), 125-156

The survey critiques the various forms of cultic influences that make people believe in things that do not exist in the physical world. The editorial explains that some people make false confessions due to the satanic activities it gives an example of a man who sees himself raping his daughters and slaughtering young children. When such scary memories come into a persons

Mind coupled with authority then they can easily fall victims.

Kassin, S. M. (2015). The social psychology of false confessions. Social Issues and Policy Review, 9(1), 25-51.

The article explains that the social and psychological issues are the major contributors of false confessions. People could be suffering from mental disorder, fear of violence .fear of the authorities is among that factors make one to crucify themselves for the sake of peace but in the long run they will have denied themselves because they will end up in jail.


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