The Role of International Organizations and Regional Organizations in Conflict Resolution

7 pages
1731 words
George Washington University
Type of paper: 
Research paper
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Conflicts have been part of the democratic race since the beginning of time. History has demonstrated that from a minor misconception many individuals go up in arms which end up in the destruction of millions of properties such as the first and the second World War. Nonetheless, there are various kinds of disagreements which not always end up in wars and violence. Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) have grown to be not only significant in enabling conflict resolution in several regions, but additionally handling intractable disagreements within nations (Archer, 2001). They offer some basic roles that improve the possibility of areas to work together. One of the first international organizations, the League of Nations (LON), was the initial attempts to create a process of third party mediation in global skirmishes. Nevertheless, it was not stable as many critical states did not enter the agreement, thereby constraining its capacity to function. Following the Second World War, some regions formulated the United Nations and, even though it functioned better than LON, the UN faced many difficulties during the Cold War (Brahimi, 2006). After the Cold War ends, the United Nations has adopted new feature, and regional firms across the globe have additionally become more active. This research illustrates the overall role of IGOs in dealing with internal disagreement, and to elaborate their increasing functions in handling the internal conflicts of the sovereign regions. Global organizations are built by nations to enable collaboration. The major utility of international organizations is when they offer states with a platform where they can negotiate their disagreements.

Foreign firms are useful in several ways. Firstly, as the global organizations provide a platform of deliberations, they reduce the cost of regions to deliberate their complications with each other. Secondly, they provide all the relevant information to the parts. The improved transparency allows for the reduction of any future misunderstandings (Archer, 2001).Thirdly, global organizations enable the firms to have a long term perception, thereby reducing the need for short term payoffs. Finally, the global nature of the structures shows that they are impartial therefore increasing their probability of efficiency. The United Nations, the globes number one conflict manager, is continuously involved in numerous missions around the world, dispatching personnel than other groups. The organization is sharing a global space with numerous diverse national representatives, who desire a United Nations representation for their activities and missions. The organizations primary challenge is the inadequacy of inputs and its mission activities.

The General Assembly consists of one hundred and ninety-two members of the United Nations. The unusual nature of this unit is that all members exist and have equal rights. The General Assembly has two general purposes, which include, to offer a collective legitimization of policies, regulations, and actions, and to provide governance of the UN processes (Brahimi, 2006). It has various functions, that is, accepting the organizations budget, formulating new UN institutions, voting in the short term members, and electing juries for unique institutions. In regards to security and peace, its function is to reflect and advise on the policies of collaboration for preserving intentional peace and protection. It can take over shared non-binding solutions by significant election and add to conventional legislature via decrees within the consensus.

The approach of avoiding conflict has both operational and structural conflict avoidance. Structural conflict avoidance aims at dealing with the leading causes of a dispute prior the creation of a risk while executive deals with the final efforts to avoid conflicts which result in violence. The UN has facilities to handle structural litigation avoidance. It has several projects and representatives, such as the UNESCO, UNDP, UNEP, and UNHCR (Brahimi, 2006). They involve themselves in various fundamental litigation avoidance operations whose aim is to attack the causes, like the efforts to motivate peaceful conflict resolution, the proper administration, democracy, high standards of financial, living, and social development. In addition to this, they deal with social and medical issues and enable global cultural and informative collaboration and regard for the universal law. The organizations operational dispute avoidance is not as comprehensive as it necessary strategy. The group progresses to depend on knowledge and intelligence from member nations for the initial caution. It is constrained to intervention in the form of appropriate offices of the UNSG and individual agents who the organization can appoint with this duty and the dispatch of troop witnesses and peacekeepers (Brahimi, 2006). As the UNSG has utilized its offices and his envoys with the purpose of avoiding the eruption of aggressive disputes on various events, UN intervention overall occurs following hostilities which the institution has started. Similar to the UN notable and peace keeping assignments, not even one preventative task has begun.

The United Nations have several limitations in the conflict stage. Since it has no military force, it lacks the ability to start a war or end continuous disputes. However, it can construct financial sanctions on the parties in question to force to stop the conflict, or it can give authority to the regional groups to fight as its representative. Currently, UN troops are often receiving instructions and equipment to utilize coercions which surpass self-defense to defend civilians and to administer compliance with peace treaties, while more than three-quarter of the soldiers and police dispatched in the UN-centered activities now possess organizational missions (Human Security Report Project 2008). Nonetheless, the ability of the UN to administer compliance on spoilers is constrained to the operational standard, which is because such events are known as robust operations. The UN troops may not be able to administer compliance with the business standards because of inadequate facilities, labor, or willingness on the military-providing regions. The poor administration ability makes the organization very weak to difficulties from spoilers with the potential to increase conflict above operation standard.

It is challenging to offer a general view of every UN process in the post-conflict stage because almost everything the United Nations does involves peace building and due to many UN entities are engaged. In 2006, about thirty-one different facilities participating in peacebuilding operations across twenty-five different divisions and that was previous to the organization of PBC (UN 2015). Additionally, the strategic cooperation and planning ability which the PBC offers to some of the regions on its program. The UN has advanced considerable abilities and skills in the six sectors which have been in the instructions of most significant UN interdimensional peacekeeping activities from the beginning of the 1990s.

The disbandment, reintegration, and disarmament of fighters, protection, motivation, balloting help and back up to the reinstatement and enlargement of the national governments. These fields have all grown to be developed businesses, and the United Nation has grounded itself as the intermediate party in some of the locations by advancing levels, training projects and books, knowledge for practitioners, and by dispatching a huge number of workers in this sector (United Nations Peacekeeping Operations 2008). Additionally, it's interdimensional peacekeeping activities with peace-focused instructions; the organization also operates a reduced number of Peace building support offices and combined PBC offices. Organizations often set this office so that they can enable regions to cooperate through full peace-building plans advanced and operated in cooperation with national representatives and UN advancements and humanitarian facilities on the field.

The European Unions (EU) regulation of defense and safety is a dynamic and prestigious area of the organization. The union has done over twenty-three military operations on three continents and is slowly coming up as protection provider on the global scene, adding to the strategic visions and lenient conflict-handling devices (Burton & Fisher 2000). Nonetheless, in spite of these quick advancements, many people still regard the union as ineffective, and weak in regards to defense, and safety, as it struggles with regional conflicts, and organizational competition, and with a hostile link with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Notwithstanding these constraints, the security regulation of the organization has increased its feasibility for the union member unions to handle the diverse security operations from several global firms. In a different globe, the union will need to account for her safety, not just in its geographical region, but internationally. For them to succeed, the member states have to collaborate more efficiently.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an army coalition of the original purpose. It consists of twenty-eight members across two regions and is recently involved in activities in the two continents. In 2009, NATO celebrated its 60th year as it not only survived the Cold War but effectively pursued to take on its raison detre (Annual Report 2008). Nevertheless, because of its being a sophisticated safety firm and possessing an intricate past, adapting to its raison detre was difficult. However, via its quick movement of expansion, Frances come back to the coalitions assimilated framework and its conversion into an elastic organization, the coalition is efficient. Still, the firm is facing primary complications, which it may have to manage to be a possible security representation. It is developing an original strategic approach, further advancing its devices so that is can expand its full concept, and also further improve its links with the European Union.

From the beginning of African Union (AU), there has been a substantial gap amid its decrees of intention and its authentic achievements and operations. Africa is a region known to have numerous conflicts, with many having minor regulation over their area. Hence, one can note that it is somewhat bizarre that and this organization exists. Widespread conflicts additionally ride the African Union amid those who are idealistic, and who have a realist approach, and which the AU decides on a consensus election (Cilliers, & Sturman, 2004). The union is highly reliant on the other international organization for economic contributions, and these finances would likely progress in the future to back up their missions, like those in Darfur, and Somalia, as this is less affordable for the globes paymasters than any other missions. Nevertheless, it is critical for the union to lack a wrong side support perception.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) came from mediations in the 1990s amid Central Asia, China, and Russia on boundary conflicts. China founded the organization to avoid separatism, combat terrorism, and religious radicalism, it is simultaneously growing its economic network (Annual Report 2008). Nonetheless, its primary complication for the upcoming is its possibility as an organizational platform for formulating regulations of behavior in Central Asia. The organizations founder is zealous to unify SCO as the number one national administrative organization in Central Asia, spreading the Cold War translation of t...

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