Describe the voyages of Zheng He. How did he contribute to the spread of Chinese culture?
As Henry (2002) asserts, Zheng He was a Chinese explorer, who helped in extending the maritime as well as the economic influence of the Chinese people through all the regions bordering the Indian Ocean. Zheng He force in developing the Chinese culture was captivating as he commanded seven major naval expeditions, almost one century before the Europeans precisely the Portuguese arrived India, via the tip of Africa.
What role did women play in Parisian salons during the Age of Enlightenment?
According to Spencer (1984), during the middle 18th century, the enlighten era saw the women in France cover and take part in the significant institutional development. Salons provider the [places for both the men and the women to congregate specifically for intellectual purposes. The society was majorly male dominated, hence the women services as the hostesses, and they also decided on the topics to be discussed while also regulating the discussion
Why was Timbuktu such an important center of West African trade?
According to Washington (2012), Timbuktu was a crucial meeting point for the interracial business partners in the West African society. The town was remote Mali in the ancient times and provided the place for the Africans meeting with the white people from Britain and America, where they exchanged goods, including slaves.
What was the importance of coffee houses in Islamic society?
According to Keith (1997), coffee housed were meant to be sacred places in the Islam culture as secret places of men discussing vital issues surrounding the Islam religion and the Islam religion. Issues of politics were similarly addressed I these points, where governments were criticized, major coffee houses were located in the central cities or Mecca, Cairo, and Mocha.
5. How did the Ottoman system of devshirme help to create merit-based opportunities in the military and administration as opposed to the hereditary system practiced in Europe at the time
Basgoz and Wilson (1989) asserts that the Ottoman system made the military system more robust in the Islamic nation as opposed to the villages administration in the Europe by only forcing the youths to join the army for training. The children after training for the military joined the management of the villages and the civil service of the empire, majorly in the Janissaries.
6. What new ideas about individual human rights came from the French Revolution?
As Pollard (1981) asserts, the human rights were more advanced and developed in the French revolution. The revolution set the stage for the modern day French human rights in 1789, when the current human rights declaration was passed, the ideas were majorly focused on the equal opportunities to all, as well as an equal treatment before the law.
7. What are the three reasons why the Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain?
According to Brooke (2013), among the three factors that favored the individual revolution to start in the Britain are;
a. Britain had full access to several resources, such as the coals and iron which were vital in industrialization.
b. Britain has an advanced agricultural sector, which majorly contributed to the countrys economy than any other nation in Europe
c. Britain was the most economically advanced country in the Europe with a steady population growth to favor such a revolution.
8. How did the Factory Act of 1833 and the Mines Act of 1842 change the pattern of whole families working together?
The Factory Act of 1833 regulated the nature of children working in any mining sites. The children working conditions were improved, mining them work for fewer hours as with less work compared to adults. Under nine years of age were not allowed to work, and this made family is working together in mines hard since the act excluded children (Cartwright, 2014). The Factory Act of 1833, on the other hand, regulated women and children, as it said no women or children to be deployed in underground mines, so families could not work together anymore.
9. What is nationalism and what role did it play in revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburgs Austrian Empire?
Brooke (2013). Asserts that nationalism if the patriotic feeling the principles of the efforts of one belief in love and advocacy to their nations. In March 1848 Louis Kossuth led a Hungarian group in a local independence movement, this, movement later gained energy to take up then independence of the country, winning the self-rule in the capitals Vienna
10. According to early French socialists, what is the role of government in socialism?
As Schwarzschild (1947) asserts, French socialists describe the government rules in socializes as the one that the government takes ownership of the means of production, by forming of cooperations, and direct democracy, the socialists, describe France as not fully a socialist state, but close to a market socialism.References
Basgoz, I. & Wilson, H. E. (1989), the educational tradition of the Ottoman Empire and the development of the Turkish educational system of the republican era. Turkish Review 3(16), 15.
Black Gold (2015) A Dark History of Coffee Anthony Wild. Harper Perennial, London. 2005
Brooke, H. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/resources/1833-factory-act/ on 1st July 2017 at 1245 hours
Cartwright, M. (2014) Athenian Democracy. Ancient History Encyclopaedia. Retrieved from http://www.ancient.eu /Athenian Democracy
Henry, T. (2002) Perpetual Happiness: The Ming Emperor Yongle. University of Washington Press
Keith, B. (1997). The French Idea of Freedom: The Old Regime and the Declaration of Rights of 1789, pp 154-96.
Pollard, S. (1981). "Peaceful Conquest: The Industrialization of Europe, 17601970". Oxford University Press.
Schwarzschild, L. (1947). The Red Prussian: The Life and Legend of Karl Marx. New York: C. Scribner's Sons.
Spencer, S. (1984) French Women and the Age of Enlightenment, Bloomington: Indian University Press,
Washington, T. (2012). History of Timbuktu - A Multicultural African Legacy. Retrieved from http://www.timbuktuheritage.org/timhistory.html on 1st July 2017 at 1254 hours.
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