Essay Example on Politics of the Late 20th Century

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Sewanee University of the South
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The 20th century started on January 1st, 1900. During this time several events happened and enhanced significant reforms in the history of politics. In the United States, the late twentieth century consists the history of the policy in the 1980s and 1990s. This period includes the eight years of presidency era of Ronald Reagan, administration of George W. Bush as well as Bill Clinton. The apparent triumph of democracy in Europe after 1989 was exhilarating as it was unanticipated. This present majority rules system were closely connected to the economic prosperity and political solidity. Numerous American urban communities and their political delegates turned out to be demographically assorted by the 1990s; they additionally proved to be progressively isolated by neighborhood limits and partitioned by the strengths of class and financial imbalance. However, in this research, I will explore the similarities and contrast of politics in the United States between the 1980s and 1990s.

Similarities between politics in the 1980s and 1990s

Many American citizens hoped for political, economic and social changes in the 1980s. However, President Ronald Reagan was elected as the head of the federal government's policies in 1980 after the fall of President Jimmy Carter. Ronald Reagan was the first American significant to bring political changes. The presidency of Republican George W. Bush began in 1990; he had previously worked as the deputy president of the Reagan government. He served until 1992, and after the presidential elections, he was defeated by Bill Clinton. The three president similarly brought significant political changes in the United States. Ronald Reagan established his financial program on the hypothesis of supply-side financial matters which ordered lowering minimum assessment rates to motivate individuals to work harder. This project prompts investments and additional saving, bringing about more generation and empowering the economy overall, as indicated by a supply-side financial proposition. His administration as well enhanced programs of abolishing any government regulations that were affecting the citizens as well as the environment.

In the same way as other of his contemporaries, Ronald Reagan brought up his sentiments about America's role in other countries regarding the experiences from the 2nd World War. After the Soviet Union and the United States had developed to be the prevailing and the opposing powers, Reagan shared the view that socialism represented an official warning to free individuals all over the country. On the hand, George Bush was also active in his career and had developed relationships with several heads of states globally before he was elected as the president. He coordinated military operations in Somalia, Panama and most strikingly in the Persian Gulf. Operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield confirmed that Bush was marshalling a global coalition against Iraq. He also organized the negotiations in North American Free Trade Agreement. When Bill Clinton took office, he signed the American Free Trade Agreement and enhanced a commercial business center between the USA and other nations. He indicated specifically on the organization's record in adjusting the financial backing, in this way keeping long-term loan costs down, empowering business interest in proficiency upgrading innovation and making employment opportunities.

Contrast between Politics in the 1980s and 1990s

The United States experienced some alterations between 1980s governance and 1990s like social and economic issues. The recession and World War II permanently extended the degree and size of the central government which made another real scene and added to advance racial and economic division and disparity. Religious preservationists opposed changes in their traditional cultures on gender differences. The government, however, disregard these issues, rather concentrating on financial and money related strategy. Business-situated traditionalists opposed the cultural preservationists of state laws constraining gay rights debilitate to hurt business. Reagan's choice to send the U.S. Marines to Lebanon in a provision of a truce brought about a terror assault in 1983, in which 260 Marines died. He always made brave decisions in foreign affairs which severally turned him down. His term was also the most corrupt in accordance to the other leaders.

In 1990, George W. Bush broke his promise about raising the taxes. This decision was influenced by the war in the Iraq. This short and economic war, highly paid by the U.S. partners, was prevalent while it kept going yet roused a subsidence that demolished Bush's authorization rating. The colossal national obligation discounted extensive government consumptions and the standard cure for stagnations. The average bills that Bush upheld also flopped in Congress. Amid the presidential crusade, Bill Clinton had guaranteed to organize an arrangement of general medical coverage in the United States. However, he appointed Hillary Rodham Clinton, his wife, to set a team on human services change which drew negative feedback from Republicans. They protested both to the respectability of the course of action and to what they thought of her as straight women's liberation. They battled wildly against the team's inevitable proposition, but none of the various proposals were formally succumbed according to the Congress wishes.


The similarities and differences between the leadership in the 1980s and 1990s differ from different presidents. Similarly, the all brought economic and political changes in the states like employment opportunities and low taxes. The government as well failed the states in some ways like failing to fulfill the promises they made to the Congress.


Work Cited

Anderson. (2009). Crossing Cultures: Conflict, Migration, and Convergence: the Proceedings of the 32nd International Congress of the History of Art.

Caster. (2008). Prisons, Race, and Masculinity in Twentieth-Century U.S. Literature and Film. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.

Prins, N. (2014). All the Presidents' Bankers: The Hidden Alliances That Drive American Power.

Portmann. et al. (2014). Women and Gay Men in the Postwar Period.


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